We continue in this blog, tracing the development, tribulations, and growth of the field of chiropractic from 1974 through the 1980s, 90s, and into the 21st century.
1974: The Council on Chiropractic Education (CCE), is formally recognized by the U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare. That same year, the Foundation for Accredited Chiropractic Education is overhauled and renamed as the Foundation of Chiropractic Education and Research (FCER).
1975: The U.S. Department of Health Education and Welfare sponsors a comprehensive research seminar on spinal manipulation, the International Spinal Manipulation Conference. Aimed at raising awareness for the need for more research, the Chiropractic Research Council (CRC) is formed with the purpose of assimilating research directors from the best chiropractic colleges in the country.
1978: The government of New Zealand issues the "New Zealand Report" on chiropractic. (For more information, see: Inglis, BD, Chiropractic in New Zealand: Report of the Commission of Inquiry, Government Printer, New Zealand, 1979)
1979: The Foundation of Chiropractic Education and Research grows its research program, including a new competitive scientific review process for submitted proposals.
October 1980: The Association for the History of Chiropractic is established, holding its first annual Conference on Chiropractic History at the Smithsonian Institute in Washington, D.C. the following year.
1982: A group of chiropractors file a lawsuit against the American Medical Association for its attempts to boycott and disparage chiropractic through
TV, radio and print ads, among other methods.
1987: The court found the American Medical Association un-monopolistic in the case of Wilk, et al. v AMA, et al.
August 27, 1987: However, the ruling is reversed when Federal District Court Judge Susan Getzendanner finds for the plaintiffs, holding the AMA in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act.
1988: The World Federation of Chiropractic (WFC) is organized, with 50 member countries.
1990: A milestone British study funded by the Medical Research Council, the National Back Pain Association, the European Chiropractors Union, and the King Edward's Hospital Fund for London affirms the efficacy of chiropractic.
1991: The World Federation of Chiropractic (WFC) hosts a conference in Toronto, Canada with help from the American Low Back Pain Academy.
1992: Author Walter I. Wardwell, Ph.D., published a scholarly volume of chiropractic history entitled, Chiropractic: History & Evolution of a New Profession.
1993: A WFC Conference is held in London, England.
1994: The U.S. Agency for Health Care Policy & Research releases their Clinical Practice Guidelines for Acute Low Back Problems in Adults, advocating for spinal manipulative therapy for low back pain.
1995: The profession of chiropractic celebrates its 100th year anniversary, with commemorations and celebrations held in Washington, D.C., Davenport, Iowa, and other cities.
1996: The Association of Chiropractic Colleges releases a paradigm of chiropractic, which ends up being well respected and used by state, national and international chiropractic organizations.
1998: The American Chiropractic Association files a lawsuit against the federal government, aiming to ensure the rights of patients to receive chiropractic care and treatment with Medicare.
A comprehensive study by the U.S. government reveals that more than 40 million people have received chiropractic care, as well as the growing popularity of chiropractic and other alternative healthcare options.
A major study concludes that when patients suffering from low back pain initiate treatment with a doctor of chiropractic (DC), they save 40% on healthcare costs compared to first visiting a medical doctor.
Published in the December 2010 issue of the Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, the "Cost of Care for Common Back Pain Conditions Initiated With Chiropractic Doctor vs. Medical Doctor/Doctor of Osteopathy as First Physician studied data from Blue Cross Blue Shield of Tennessee over a two-year period, revealing a $2.3 million annual cost savings for BCBS of Tennessee by utilizing chiropractic as a first option.