1882 His son, Bartlett Joshua Palmer, was born in What Cheer, Iowa on September 14, 1882.
1896: In an attempt to improve his hearing, Dr. D.D. Palmer administers two adjustments to the spine of Mr. Harvey Lillard, who becomes the first chiropractic patient.
1896 (Spring): Reverend Samuel Weed suggests the word ‘chiropractic,’ from Greek words for “treatment” and “by hand,” which D.D. Palmer uses to coin the phrase that we now know.
1896 (July): D.D. Palmer starts the Palmer School of Magnetic Cure, with Leroy Baker as his first chiropractic student.
1906: D.D. Palmer is arrested for a violation of medical law that required medical doctors to report themselves, and put in prison for 23 days. Palmer remains adamant that he is a “chiropractor” and not a medical doctor, and therefore not subject to that law.
1906: During his father’s imprisonment, B.J. Palmer takes up the position as Principal of the Palmer School.
1906: To protect chiropractors being charged with the unlicensed practice of medicine, The Universal Chiropractors' Association (UCA) is founded in Davenport, Iowa, provide legal protection and, eventually, educational and political advocacy.
1907: Shegetaro Morikubo, DC, is the first known chiropractor acquitted of the charges of unlicensed practice. The 1906 graduate of the Palmer School of Chiropractic was acquitted by a jury in LaCrosse, Wisconsin after putting up a legal defense that avails chiropractic, used many times in future trials and even legislative efforts.
1910: D.D. Palmer releases his famous book, The Chiropractor's Adjuster: The Science, Art & Philosophy of Chiropractic.
1910: X-rays were first used for taking images of the body's skeletal system.
1913 (April 20): Kansas passes the first chiropractic statute, but assembling Board of Chiropractic Examiners is halted when the governor refuses to appoint members of the board because, in his opinion, all chiropractors had practiced illegally before the statute’s passage.
1913 (Oct. 20): D.D. Palmer passes away from typhoid fever at his home in Los Angeles. His son B.J. Palmer, DC, will later be unjustly accused of his death.
1915: The concept of Major Subluxation was first proposed, described as: "Displacements of spinal segment which is causing deterioration of the innate self-healing power are only a few in the skeletal system in the body."
1915: Arkansas and North Dakota were the first states to issue chiropractic licenses to graduates of chiropractic schools.
1918-1922: When World War I ends, the U.S. government pays tuition for veterans, boosting enrollment in chiropractic colleges like the Palmer School of Chiropractic, which reaches 3,000 students. In fact, 80 chiropractic colleges are in operation by 1922.
1922: The American Chiropractic Association (ACA) is formed, in large part to oppose Dr. B.J. Palmer and the Universal Chiropractors' Association.
1924 (August): B.J. Palmer, DC, first introduces the neuro-calometer.
1925: Wisconsin and Connecticut are the first states to pass rudimentary statutes protecting the sciences, laws that will one day spread to 24 states.
1926 (September): B.J. Palmer loses his bid for re-election as secretary of the Universal Chiropractors' Association. Within a week, he establishes the Chiropractic Health Bureau, which was later renamed the International Chiropractors Association (ICA).
1930: The National Chiropractic Association (NCA) is born when the existing UCA and the ACA combine.
1931: The Rise of Chiropractic, an early history of the profession, is published by Chittenden Turner.
1933: The upright full-spine X-ray is introduced by Warren L. Sausser, DC, in New York City.
1940 (July 20): The Allied Chiropractic Educational Institutions (ACEI) issue an ultimatum to the National Chiropractic Association and its Committee on Education that instruction in physiotherapeutics and the expanding of the chiropractic curriculum must stop. It's the start of a heated, three-decade fight over chiropractic educational standards.
1941: The NCA publishes the first edition of Chiropractic Education: Outline of a Standard Course, authored by John J. Nugent, DC.
1944: The Chiropractic Research Foundation, known today as the “FCER,” is established by the National Chiropractic Association.
1945: When World War II ends, the G.I. Bills helps tens of thousands of returning veterans pursue higher education and, once again, enrollment in chiropractic colleges skyrockets.
1945 (December): The National Chiropractic Insurance Company (known as the NCMIC Group today) is chartered by the National Chiropractic Association. Starting in 1946, this new company is authorized the Iowa Commissioner of Insurance to sell malpractice insurance.
1947 (Aug. 4): The NCA House of Delegates establishes the Council on Education, the precursor to today’s Council on Chiropractic Education.
Look for part two of this blog, following the timeline of modern chiropractic history from 1951 to present.